Professor of Public Policy, University of California Berkeley
- Policy attention should focus on incentives in the criminal justice system.
Previous studies have shown that sentencing practices must change in order to lessen the incarceration rate in the United States. In the study, “How Do We Reduce Incarceration Rates While Maintaining Public Safety?”, Raphael encourages political changes and sentencing reforms that incorporate formal risk assessment and careful deliberation – arguing that policy attention should focus on incentives in the criminal justice system. Raphael encourages the reallocation of resources devoted to corrections be used toward alternative non-incarceration policy tools, such as policing and human capital investments.