Anne Li Kringen

Professor of Criminal Justice, University of New Haven

Areas of Expertise

  • Policing
  • Gender inequality
  • Racial inequality
  • Police organizational policy

Key Findings

  • Literature on women and policing has grown in the past 40 years. MORE
  • Gender focused work on women and policing was found to be lower in mainstream criminology and justice journals (72.9%) when compared to policing (78.5%) or gender (100%) specialty journals. MORE
  • Over the six-year period studied, only 7.2% of the 13,527 applicants were Black. MORE
  • Black applicants were primarily disqualified for their initial applications, written exam, or their background screening. MORE
  • Civil service commissions play an integral role in shaping the policies and procedures in police departments. MORE


Anne Li Kringen, Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of New Haven, is an expert in policing, gender and racial inequality, and police organizational policy.

Kringen has worked with the Police Foundation to qualitatively assess foot patrol practices and has assessed hiring practices within multiple metropolitan police departments. She is a member of the Division on Women and Crime and the Division of Policing within the American Society of Criminology and a member of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. She previously served as a police officer in Alexandria, Virginia.

She has been published in numerous academic journals including Criminal Justice Policy Review, Feminist Criminology and Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice.

Kringen received her Ph.D. in Criminal Justice from Texas State University, M.A. in Criminal Justice from Boston University and B.A. in International Affairs from the University of Mary Washington.

Follow Anne on Twitter: @AnneKringen