Ashbel Smith Professor of Criminology, University of Texas at Dallas
- High frequency offending is rare among the arrested NFL players.
- Non-white players are more chronic than white players.
- The likelihood of violence is largely driven by high frequency offending.
Although recent research showed that NFL players have a higher violent crime arrest rate, it remains unclear whether, at the individual-level, NFL players who are arrested are specializing in violent crimes or whether their involvement in violence is driven largely by their high frequency of offending. Using two publicly available databases on NFL player arrests, the authors find that high frequency offending is rare among the arrested NFL players, that non-white players are more chronic than white players, and that the likelihood of violence is largely driven by high frequency offending—especially among non-white players. Importantly, there appears to be no specialization-in-violence among this sample of arrested NFL players.