- Three strikes laws disproportionately affect minorities.
- Implementation of three strikes laws accelerated racial disparities in the criminal justice system.
- The black incarceration rate for third strikers is 12 times higher than the third strike incarceration rate for whites.
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In the chapter Race and the Three Strikes Law of the book “Color Behind Bars: Racism in the U.S. Prison System”, Van Gundy and her coauthor argue that three strikes legislation has contributed to the mass incarceration of nonviolent offenders, a majority of which are minorities.