- People are fearful of crime even when the crime rates are decreasing.
- White middle- and upper-income residents believed there was an association between Latinos and gang crime.
- Residents in all neighborhoods associated gang crime with “illegal” immigrants.
- Residents in the lowest income neighborhood, many of whom had newly immigrated, reported the same concerns of gang violence and trash while also being targets of those complaints.
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In, “Fear of Gang Crime: A Qualitative Examination of the Four Perspectives,” Lane looks at the different perspectives that attempt to explain public fear of gang-related crime in multiple neighborhoods. Factors include the environmental basis and urban community factors. Lodi analyzed data from a 1997 focus group in Santa Ana, California where residents described their fears of crime and reasons why.