In the article, “Erasing the mark of a criminal past: Ex-offenders’ expectations and experiences with record clearance,” Chen examined the extent to which record clearance (or expungement) impacted an ex-offender’s ability to avoid committing future crime and successfully reintegrate into society. The study collected data from interviews with 40 individuals with prior criminal records, half of whom had completed the record clearance process, while the other half had not. The authors found that the expungement process reduced an individual’s internal and external barriers to effectively desisting from crime and successfully reintegrating into society. When an individual’s criminal record was expunged, it allowed for greater opportunities for employment, increased access to housing and governmental aid, and reduced rates of recidivism. Furthermore, the process of preparing for and completing the expungement process was found to increase an ex-offender’s trust in the criminal justice system, thereby making the ex-offender feel more invested in avoiding future criminal behavior. Overall, this study found strong evidence of beneﬁts associated with both the process of expungement and its outcomes. By combating barriers to successful reintegration, record clearance may facilitate the reduction of recidivism.