James Finckenauer

Distinguished Professor Emeritus and Professorial Fellow, Rutgers University

Areas of Expertise

  • Transnational organized crime
  • Human trafficking
  • International criminal justice
  • Juvenile justice policy
  • Planning and evaluation


  • The results did not show positive effects for juveniles that participated in prison visitation programs. MORE
  • Seven of the ten studies the researchers analyzed reported group program failure. MORE
  • Organized crime consists of ideology (or lack of), structure/hierarchy, continuity, violence/threat of force, restricted membership/bonding, illegal enterprise, use of legitimate businesses, and corruption. MORE
  • Organized crime is different from terrorist groups as is not acting on political or religious beliefs. MORE
  • There is a lack of updated data to clearly define the scope of the human trafficking. MORE
  • One barrier to measuring trafficking is the lack of a clear definition. MORE


James Finckenauer, Distinguished Professor Emeritus and Professorial Fellow at Rutgers University, is an expert in human trafficking, juvenile justice and international criminal justice.

Finckenauer served as the president of the New Jersey Council of Educational Institutions for Law Enforcement, the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences and the International Association for the Study of Organized Crime. He was a visiting professor in Australia, China, Germany, Japan and Russia. He served as the director of the International Center at the National Institute of Justice and a Fulbright Senior Specialist in Hong Kong. He edited the Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency and Trends in Organized Crime.

Finckenauer authored articles, chapters and reports in scholarly journals as well as co-authored several books including Selling Sex Overseas: Chinese Women and the Realities of Prostitution and Sex Trafficking, Asian Transnational Organized Crime and Scared Straight – The Panacea Phenomenon Revisited.

He received his Ph.D. and M.A. in sociology and criminology from New York University and B.A. in sociology from Gettysburg College.